Foot Conditions

Common Foot conditions

What are FLAT FEET ?

The term flat feet (fallen arches) is diverse and includes numerous conditions of flat feet. It is estimated that one in five people in Britain is affected by one or the other type of flat feet conditions. But, Not everyone need off the shelf insole. We strongly recommend bio mechanical assessment before using any type of Insoles. Using a wrong Insole may worsen the condition and can have significant impact over knee, hip and lower back.
Good arches provide support to hold the body weight, provide stability and allow smooth gait. Any deformation to the feet arches can lead to collapsed foot structure, less stability, fatigue after walk even for short distances, sever pain in the middle of the foot and can cause pain in knees, hip and lower back.
Flat feet can be hereditary and may be running in the family. They may also result from injury to bones and tendons, sometimes caused by illnesses i.e. foot arthritis, diabetes and neuro muscular diseases. Our Orthotists will carry a thorough assessment to identify the need for most appropriate INSOLEs.

Planter Fasciitis

Planter Fasciitis is one of the most common foot condition. About 10-12% of people will suffer planter fasciitis once in their lives. It results from inflammation of the planter fascia which is a thick band under the sole running from heel to toes. Planter fascia support the foot arch and absorb shocks during walk or run. Planter Fasciitis can also result from either damage to the planter fascia mechanically or due to overused prolonged walk. Wearing poor fit footwear, high arched feet, over pronated feet and obesity are common causes

Symptoms – A sharp heel pain with difficulty or unable to take first step getting up from bed in the morning or after prolonged sitting. Swelling, numbness and radiating pain may also be associated with planter fasciitis.
Insole treatment to help reduce planter fasciitis is very tricky and requires full bio mechanical assessment of feet. Any deformation within feet would require a tailor-made insole design to correct biomechanical problems.

High Arches

Feet with abnormally high arches is a condition when arches do not get even or tends to flat when loaded during gait. This allows foot to bear most of the body weight on the outside border of the foot and on the metatarsals bones causing discomfort and painful gait. High arches can also have an impact over the knees, hip and lower back due to imbalance lower body ground reaction forces. High arches can develop at any age but usually starts in childhood.

- pain & excessive stress at the ball and heel of the foot after walk or run
- Rigid and inflexible instep causing calf to feel stiff
- Toes may tend to deform called claw and hammer toes
- Formation of callous and corn over the ball & heel of the foot
- High arched foot may develop instability causing ankle sprain
A custom-made insole is strongly recommended for high arched feet to relieve stress over loaded part of the foot and to correct foot posture accordingly.


Metatarsalgia refers to pain condition of the metatarsals bones of the foot. Metarsalgia is described as tingling, shooting pain and burning sensation and can become worsen with increased activities.

Metatarsalgia is caused by high impact activities, wearing poorly fitting tight or high heeled shoes and other medical conditions causing neurological changes in the feet i.e. diabetes, arthritis, gout and Morton’s Neuroma.

What type of Insole works in metatarsalgia?

Our stock range clinically proven Insoles has shown remarkable improvement in recovery of Metatarsalgia. Click our PRODUCT here.
If the condition is long standing and you are still experiencing pain, then we would strongly recommend a thorough biomechanical assessment by one of our Specialist. In advance pain conditions a custom made orthotic (Insoles) with increased cushioning would help to reduce pain and to off load pressure areas. This will be finely incorporated into the insole design to correct bio mechanical issues and to provide relief. Avoiding high heeled & tight shoes, resting your feet frequently and regularly wearing specifically designed bespoke orthotics can help reduce the pain.

Heel Spur

Heel spur (Calcaneal spur) is a calcium deposit that is build up and caused by excessive stress at the heel area. Heel spur is often associated with inflammation process causing planter fasciitis.

Repetitive stress and stretching of foot muscles and ligaments can cause heel spur. There are some risk factors which can develop heel spurs further for example, long standing activities, poor fit footwear, excessive weight, over pronated feet & over supinated feet associated with flat feet or high arched feet.

What type of Insoles will help?

Our branded Insoles are designed by the expert clinicians to help reduce pain. However, we would recommend a complete assessment to ensure that there is no other foot condition associated with heel spur. In some cases, a custom-made Insole would significantly decrease the pressure to improve comfort.